Robinson, George J.

Robinson, George J.
b. 1712 Scotland
d. 1798 England
Scottish manufacturer who installed the first Boulton \& Watt rotative steam-engine in a textile mill.
George Robinson is said to have been a Scots migrant who settled at Burwell, near Nottingham, in 1737, but there is no record of his occupation until 1771, when he was noticed as a bleacher. By 1783 he and his son were describing themselves as "merchants and thread manufacturers" as well as bleachers. For their thread, they were using the system of spinning on the waterframe, but it is not known whether they held a licence from Arkwright. Between 1776 and 1791, the firm G.J. \& J.Robinson built a series of six cotton mills with a complex of dams and aqueducts to supply them in the relatively flat land of the Leen valley, near Papplewick, to the north of Nottingham. By careful conservation they were able to obtain considerable power from a very small stream. Castle mill was not only the highest one owned by the Robinsons, but it was also the highest mill on the stream and was fed from a reservoir. The Robinsons might therefore have expected to have enjoyed uninterrupted use of the water, but above them lived Lord Byron in his estate of Newstead Priory. The fifth Lord Byron loved making ornamental ponds on his property so that he could have mock naval battles with his servants, and this tampered with the water supplies so much that the Robinsons found they were unable to work their mills.
In 1785 they decided to order a rotative steam engine from the firm of Boulton \& Watt. It was erected by John Rennie; however, misfortune seemed to dog this engine, for parts went astray to Manchester and when the engine was finally running at the end of February 1786 it was found to be out of alignment so may not have been very successful. At about the same time, the lawsuit against Lord Byron was found in favour of the Robinsons, but the engine continued in use for at least twelve years and was the first of the type which was to power virtually all steamdriven mills until the 1850s to be installed in a textile mill. It was a low-pressure double-acting condensing beam engine, with a vertical cylinder, parallel motion connecting the piston toone end of a rocking beam, and a connecting rod at the other end of the beam turning the flywheel. In this case Watt's sun and planet motion was used in place of a crank.
Further Reading
R.L.Hills, 1970, Power in the Industrial Revolution, Manchester (for an account of the installation of this engine).
D.M.Smith, 1965, Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands, Newton Abbot (describes the problems which the Robinsons had with the water supplies to power their mills).
S.D.Chapman, 1967, The Early Factory Masters, Newton Abbot (provides details of the business activities of the Robinsons).
J.D.Marshall, 1959, "Early application of steam power: the cotton mills of the Upper Leen", Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire 60 (mentions the introduction of this steam-engine).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ROBINSON, George Augustus (c. 1788-1866) — protector of the aborigines was born probably in England about the year 1788. Nothing is known of his early life or when he came to Tasmania. He was a builder in a small way at Hobart in 1829, when Governor Arthur (q.v.) advertised for a man of… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • George D. Robinson — George Dexter Robinson (* 20. Januar 1834 in Lexington, Massachusetts; † 22. Februar 1896 in Chicopee, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische Partei) und von 1884 bis 1887 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Massachusetts.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Augustus Robinson — George Augustus Robinson, auch Black Robinson genannt, (* 22. März 1791 vermutlich in London; † 18. Oktober 1866 in Bath in England) war ein Engländer, der von England nach Tasmanien auswanderte. Von Beruf war er ein Bauhandwerker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George F. Richards — George Franklin Richards (23 February 1861 ndash; 8 August 1950) was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (LDS Church) from April 9, 1906 until his death. He also served as Acting… …   Wikipedia

  • George Maxwell Richards — (* 1. Dezember 1931 in San Fernando) ist ein Politiker und amtierender Präsident von Trinidad und Tobago. Studium und Tätigkeit als Chemieprofessor Nach dem Schulbesuch arbeitete er von Mai 1950 bis September 1951 als Trainee bei einer britischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Henry Chase — (* 13. Juni 1874 in Lynn, Massachusetts; † 2. Februar 1952 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Klassischer Archäologe. Leben Georg Henry Chase studierte an der Harvard University, wo er 1896 den Bachelor und 1897 den Master… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Frederick Watts — Selbstporträt als junger Mann Das Ölbild mit dem Titel Choosing zeigt Watts Ehefrau Ellen Terry, um 1864 George Frederic Watts (* 23 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Maxwell Richards — His Excellency George Maxwell Richards TC CM President of Trinidad and Tobago Incumbent Assumed office 17 March 2003 …   Wikipedia

  • Robinson — (De Robinsón Crusoe, protagonista de una novela de Daniel Defoe.) ► sustantivo masculino Persona solitaria capaz de valerse y bastarse por sí misma: ■ sus viajes y aventuras le han convertido en un robinsón . * * * robinsón (por alusión a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robinson — /rob in seuhn/, n. 1. Bill ( Bojangles ), 1878 1949, U.S. tap dancer. 2. Boardman /bawrd meuhn, bohrd /, 1876 1952, U.S. painter and illustrator, born in Nova Scotia. 3. Edward G. (Emanuel Goldenberg), 1893 1973, U.S. actor, born in Rumania. 4.… …   Universalium

  • George Robinson — might refer to:*George Robinson, a microbiologist *George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon *George Augustus Robinson, a builder and preacher *George Robinson (boxer), a bare knuckle boxer *George Robinson (cricketer) (1861 1944), who played first… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”